Did you know...?
In accordance with the requirement of the Council of Europe Convention on action against Trafficking in Human Beings, the UK has a National Referral Mechanism (NRM) for identifying and recording victims of trafficking and ensuring that they are provided with appropriate support wherever they are in the UK.
The trafficking of children and young people into the UK is an increasing phenomenon. Child Trafficking is the movement and exploitation of children. Children may find themselves forced into prostitution, drug smuggling, domestic slavery, criminal activity, street begging, exploitative labour or they may be exploited for benefit fraud or adoption. Many of these children come from West Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia, often lured away by promises of jobs and a better life but with no idea of what awaits them.
All children from overseas who come to the attention of social services may be trafficked.
To read our latest Evaluation report on our Trafficking Training Project that took place in 26 local authorities across London prior to the Olympics please click here
CFAB and Ineqe are delighted to introduce a new online Child Trafficking Training Course. This online training course is free and available to use now. It has been funded by Comic Relief. It has been developed by CFAB in conjunction with INEQE and the Counter Human Trafficking Bureau
This training module is intended for all staff who may come across trafficked children. It is designed for Social Workers, Police Officers, Teachers, School Support Staff, Housing Officers, Health Staff, Early Years Workers and NGO Staff. To help reach as many people as possible simply forward this web page and links to as many of your staff team, colleagues and partners as possible.
This 'web app' has been designed for use on multiple platforms and consists of three modules, a reference page and tests. This link will take you direct to the Child Trafficking - Basics Course. However for a short demonstration on how to get the most from the course please click here first.
In 2011 20 cases were referred to CFAB relating to a child trafficked into the UK, referred from 15 local authorities, involving 10 countries, as a result CFAB helped to safeguard 60 children
A 16 year old girl named Crina was trafficked from Romania through Italy to the UK. She was groomed to go abroad with the promise of getting married. Initially Crina was taken to Italy and later to the UK being forced into prostitution in both countries.
In the UK Crina managed to run away and was picked up by the police. The police referred her to Portsmouth Children's Services and Crina was placed in foster care. Crina constantly told the Children's Services that she wanted to return to her mother in Romania.
Portsmouth called CFAB's Advice Line. CFAB advised that with the assistance of our Romanian correspondent appropriate checks would need to be carried out to see if Crina‟s mother had been complicit in her trafficking, and thus potentially being put at risk of re-trafficking.
Working with CFAB, Crina was able to provide an address for the mother, but did not have a phone number since the pimp had taken away Crina's mobile.
To find out about a child’s immigration status contact LA@UKBA.gsi.gov.uk
For more information about the National Referral Mechanism see http://www.nspcc.org.uk/Inform/resourcesforprofessionals/childtrafficking/national_referral_mechanism_wda84858.html
If you suspect a child has been trafficked complete the NRM form and return to UKHTC@soca.x.gsi.gov.uk .
For advice and help in completing the form call CFAB on 0207 735 8941 or the NSPCC Child Trafficking advice and information line on 0800 107 7057
Remember the first task is safeguarding the child, information that comes from your initial investigation and assessment can then be used to complete the NRM form. An NRM referral is not instead of a s.47 or s.17 investigation it is additional to these if trafficking is suspected.
It is vital that NRM forms are completed and submitted if you suspect that a child has been trafficked. You do not require the child’s consent or the consent of their parent or carer.
How can CFAB help?
- CFAB can provide free casework services to local authority professionals working with victims of child trafficking
- Advise on duties and responsibilities of Local Authorities to child victims of trafficking
- Assist in management of trafficking cases including attendance at strategy meetings, reviews and court hearings
- Advise on the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) and asylum process
- Liaise with authorities in country of origin to obtain background information on any historical involvement with the child or their family
- Verifiy of identity of family members including DNA testing
- Trace and establish contact with family members
- Assess overseas family members as potential carers
- Assess the risk of re-trafficking by qualified practitioners in country of origin
- Obtain information from various countries to establish the child’s journey to the UK
- Assist in the safe return, reintegration and rehabilitation of victims of trafficking who wish to return to their country of origin
- Signpost and refere to support agencies for victims of trafficking
CFAB is very grateful to Comic Relief for their support in this area of work.